Emerging Trends in Mechanical Engineering

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Chapter 1: Recent Trend in Automobile Industry

GoTo Section – 1.1/1.2/1.3

1.3 Safety in Automobile
1   Where do typical car seat belts apply most of the stopping force?
    (A)   To the shoulder and hips
    (B)   To the chest and abdomen
    (C)   To the rib cage and pelvis
    (D)   To the head and legs

2   What area of car is designed to deform in a collision?
    (A)   The crumple zone
    (B)   The interior
    (C)   The doors
    (D)   The rear end

3   What’s the primary advantage of an anti- lock braking system
    (A)   They allow you to stop easier
    (B)   They prevent locking
    (C)   They allow you to steer while braking

4   Tempered safety glass is how many times stronger than regular glass
    (A)   1 to 3 times stronger
    (B)   5 to 10 times stronger
    (C)   3 to 5 times stronger

5   By what percentage can airbags reduce the risk of dying in a direct frontal crash?
    (A)   30%
    (B)   40%
    (C)   50%
    (D)   60%

6   What kind of gas inflates in an airbag?
    (A)   Hydrogen
    (B)   Oxygen
    (C)   Helium

7   How far behind the steering wheel should you sit to avoid injury from an inflated airbag?
    (A)   8 inches
    (B)   5 inches
    (C)   10 inches
    (D)   13 inches

8   What are the requirements for a child to sit in a forward facing child seat?
    (A)   He or she should weigh 10 to 15 pounds
    (B)   He or she should weigh 13 to 15 pounds
    (C)   He or she should weigh 15 to 18 pounds
    (D)   He or she should weigh 20 pounds or more

9   When is a child ready to use an adult seat belt?
    (A)   When they’re around 4 feet, 9 inches tall
    (B)   When they’re around 3 feet, 5 inches tall
    (C)   When they’re around 4 feet, 5 inches tall
    (D)   When they’re around 3 feet, 9 inches tall

10   What does airbag, used for safety of car driver, contain?
    (A)   Sodium bicarbonate
    (B)   Sodium azide
    (C)   Sodium nitrite
    (D)   Sodium peroxide

11   What year did the government mandate driver’s side airbags?
    (A)   1989
    (B)   1996
    (C)   2001
    (D)   The government has never mandated it.

12   Cruise control is used in which vehicles
    (A)   Road vehicles
    (B)   water vehicles
    (C)   aeroplane
    (D)   bus

13   Adaptive cruise control is used to adjust _of vehicle
    (A)   speed
    (B)   direction
    (C)   magnitude
    (D)   light

14   Adaptive cruise control system uses _
    (A)   all of the below
    (B)   laser sensor
    (C)   radar sensor
    (D)   camera setup

15   Autonomous cruise control are considered a _ car
    (A)   level 1
    (B)   level 2
    (C)   Level 3
    (D)   level 4

16   ____________Introduced laser ‘preview distance control’
    (A)   Mitsubishi Diamante
    (B)   BMW
    (C)   Toyota
    (D)   Mercedes

17   Toyota offered a _____________ cruise control
    (A)   laser
    (B)   radar
    (C)   camera
    (D)   all of the above

18   What was based system do not detect and dark vehicles in adverse weather
    (A)   laser
    (B)   camera
    (C)   phone
    (D)   laptop

19   Asymptotic stability is connected with:
    (A)   A system under influence of input.
    (B)   A system not under influence of input.
    (C)   A system under influence of input.
    (D)   A system not under influence out.

20   If root of the characteristics equation has positive real part system is
    (A)   Stable
    (B)   Unstable
    (C)   (C) Marginally stable
    (D)   Linear

21   ________ is a quantitative measure of how far the transients die cut in the system.
    (A)   Absolutely stable
    (B)   Conditionally stable
    (C)   Unstable
    (D)   Relative stability

22   A controller essentially is a
    (A)   Sensor
    (B)   Clipper
    (C)   Comparator
    (D)   Amplifier

23   When brakes are applied on a moving vehicle the kinetic energy is converted to
    (A)   Mechanical energy
    (B)   Heat energy
    (C)   Electrical energy
    (D)   Potential energy

24   The force required to stop a vehicle is dependent on
    (A)   The weight of vehicle
    (B)   The declaration rate
    (C)   Both A and B
    (D)   None of the above

25   Handbrake is applicable to
    (A)   Only front wheels
    (B)   Only rear wheels
    (C)   Both front and rear wheel.
    (D)   All of the above.

26   The power brake may be exerted by
    (A)   Electrical energy
    (B)   Engine vacuum
    (C)   Air pressure
    (D)   All of the above

27   What do air bags, used for safety of car driver contain?
    (A)   Sodium bicarbonate.
    (B)   Sodium azide
    (C)   Sodium nitrate
    (D)   Sodium peroxide

28   Which country first use in air bags for aerospace industry.
    (A)   India
    (B)   U.S
    (C)   China.
    (D)   Pakistan

29   Which spacecraft landing first use in air bags.
    (A)   Luna 9 and Luna 13.
    (B)   Luna 10 and Luna 12
    (C)   Luna 11 and Luna 4
    (D)   Luna 16 and Luna 18

30   First used in pedestrian air bags.
    (A)   Volvo v50
    (B)   Volvo v60
    (C)   Volvo v40.
    (D)   Volvo v70

31   Who invented air bags in Japan?
    (A)   Yasuzaburou kanka.
    (B)   Yasuzaburou kobori
    (C)   Varun Khatri.
    (D)   Saurabh zombie

32   The time between the collisions of two aircraft on a collision course is called_______
    (A)   Differential time
    (B)   Tau
    (C)   Traffic Time
    (D)   Collision Time

33   What is the surveillance range of a general TCS system?
    (A)   30 sec
    (B)   20min
    (C)   2 min
    (D)   4 min

34   Anti-collision system is also known as ______
    (A)   Collision Avoidance System
    (B)   Pre-crash System
    (C)   Collision Mitigation system
    (D)   All of the above

35   In India, Autonomous Emergency Braking system (AEB) could become mandatory on new cars by________
    (A)   2020
    (B)   2024
    (C)   2022
    (D)   2026

36   A 2015 study based on European and Australasian data suggests the AEB can decrease rear end collisions by_____%
    (A)   40%.
    (B)   38%
    (C)   24%.
    (D)   56%

37   What is adaptive cruise control?
    (A)   Adaptive cruise control is a safety and comfort providing technology in automobile
    (B)   Adaptive cruise control is automatic car driving technology
    (C)   Adaptive cruise control is fast car driving technology
    (D)   Adaptive cruise control is slow car driving technology

38   When was cruise control invented?
    (A)   1945
    (B)   1948
    (C)   1952
    (D)   1961

39   Purpose of inventing Adaptive cruise control?
    (A)   To reduce accident
    (B)   To increase efficiency of automobile
    (C)   To increase driving comfort
    (D)   To invent new driving technology

40   Demerits of Adaptive cruise control?
    (A)   System may fail
    (B)   This system do not work on wet surface well
    (C)   Not effective in bad weather
    (D)   All of the above

41   Major components of Adaptive cruise control?
    (A)   Radar sensor
    (B)   ACC buttons on the steering wheel
    (C)   Multi-information display
    (D)   All of the above

42   Where is the ACC system most effective?
    (A)   in traffic conditions
    (B)   High ways
    (C)   Hills
    (D)   Wet and slippery surface

43   The following is not a drum brake
    (A)   External contracting brake
    (B)   Internal expanding brake
    (C)   Disc brake
    (D)   All of the above

44   in disc brake, the disc is attached to the
    (A)   Wheel
    (B)   Axle
    (C)   Suspension system
    (D)   None of the above

45   The mechanical brakes are operated by means of
    (A)   Levers
    (B)   Bell cranks
    (C)   Cams
    (D)   all of the above

46   Hydraulic brakes function on the principle of
    (A)   Law of conservation of momentum
    (B)   Law of conservation of energy
    (C)   Pascal’s law
    (D)   None of the above

47   Tandem master cylinder consists of
    (A)   One cylinder and one reservoir
    (B)   Two cylinders and one reservoir
    (C)   One cylinder and two reservoirs
    (D)   Two cylinders and two reservoirs

48   Electronic Stability Program is use to
    (A)   Assist in braking
    (B)   Reducing loss of traction
    (C)   Use in ECU
    (D)   For proper loading and unloading of weight in vehicle

49   When the Electronic Stability Program system intervenes?
    (A)   When it detect probable loss of steering control
    (B)   When tire start to skid
    (C)   When sudden brakes are applied
    (D)   All of above

50   Electronic Stability control generally work when
    (A)   Steering is in over steering and under steering condition
    (B)   When collision has to be prevent
    (C)   Fuel is low
    (D)   Roads are uneven

51   Electronic Stability control can effect by
    (A)   Dry road condition
    (B)   Frozen road condition
    (C)   Both a and b
    (D)   None of these

52   These are main components of Electronic Stability control system
    (A)   Speed Sensor
    (B)   Steering angle measurement angle
    (C)   Yaw-rate sensor
    (D)   All of the above

53   ————- is a feature that alerts a driver to an imminent crash and helps them use the maximum braking capacity of the car.
    (A)   AEB
    (B)   Air Bag
    (C)   Vehicles
    (D)   Electronic Stability control

54   The loads supported by an automobile frame are………..
    (A)   Weight of the body and Passengers.
    (B)   Torque from engine and Transmission.
    (C)   Sudden Impact from Collision
    (D)   All of the above.

55   What area of car is designed to deform in a collision?
    (A)   Crumple zone
    (B)   Interior zone
    (C)   Doors
    (D)   Rear end

56   The energy absorb by brake is always kinetic.
    (A)   No, potential
    (B)   Kinetic or potential
    (C)   Potential
    (D)   Strain Energy

57   Hand brake is applicable to
    (A)   Only front wheels
    (B)   Only rear wheels
    (C)   Both front and rear wheels
    (D)   all of the above

58   By what percentage do seatbelts reduce the risk of death for a person sitting in front seat?
    (A)   40%
    (B)   50%
    (C)   60%
    (D)   70%

59   If the impulse response in absolutely integrate then the system is
    (A)   Absolutely stable
    (B)   Unstable
    (C)   Linear
    (D)   Stable

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