Environmental Studies-6


Pages-> 0/1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

Social Issues and Environment

1   A geographic unit that collects, stores, and releases water is
    (A)   Wasteland
    (B)   Watershed
    (C)   Wetland
    (D)   Water divider

2   Saline and alkaline lands are types of
    (A)   Barren land
    (B)   Fallow land
    (C)   Uncultivable land
    (D)   Wasteland

3   Smog is an odd combination of
    (A)   Mist and fog
    (B)   Smoke and fog
    (C)   Smoke and fog
    (D)   Smoke, fog and mist

4   The Appiko Movement (tree hugging) was started in
    (A)   Karnataka
    (B)   Delhi
    (C)   Orissa
    (D)   Gujarat

5   The United Nations Conference on Human Environment was organized at
    (A)   Rio de JANERIO
    (B)   Paris
    (C)   Stockholm
    (D)   Delhi

6   Acid rain is any rain with pH
    (A)   Below 5.6
    (B)   Above 5.6
    (C)   Equal to 5.6
    (D)   Exactly equal to 7

7   The Apex body of standardization in the world formed in 1946 is.
    (A)   The International society of standardization
    (B)   The International organization of standardization
    (C)   The International of standard organization
    (D)   The council of International standardization

8   PAN is byproduct of
    (A)   Photochemical smog
    (B)   London smog
    (C)   Sulphurous smog
    (D)   Reducing smog

9   Chlorofluorocarbons and Freon are
    (A)   Used as coolants in refrigerators
    (B)   Air conditioners
    (C)   Responsible for ozone layer depletion
    (D)   All of the given

10   Carbon trading
    (A)   Is fundamental concept of national environmental laws and regulations?
    (B)   Monitors impact of pollution upon environmental, social and economic justice
    (C)   Suggests that funding for environmental improvement should be obtained from its beneficiaries
    (D)   Monitor emission of hydrocarbons for automobiles

11   Which of the following are terms used to describe types of development?
    (A)   Financial, Educational
    (B)   General, Specific
    (C)   Static, Dynamic
    (D)   None of the above

12   Which of the following gases cause Green House Effects?
    (A)   CO2, NOx, CH4
    (B)   CO2, CH4, H2
    (C)   H2, Cl2, N2
    (D)   None of the above

13   Which of the following term describes the rise in temperature of atmosphere due to green house gases?
    (A)   Paradoxical warming
    (B)   Global warming
    (C)   Sun stroke
    (D)   None of the above

14   Which of the following makes it difficult to use only eco – friendly chemicals, so that ozone depletion stops / minimizes?
    (A)   Due to their high cost
    (B)   Due to non – availability
    (C)   Due to lesser availability
    (D)   None of the above

15   Hydrocarbons and NOx undergo chemical reactions and form corresponding products like aldehydes, ketones, etc. these products are called,
    (A)   Primary pollutants
    (B)   Secondary pollutants
    (C)   Tertiary pollutants
    (D)   None of the above

16   Photochemical smog causes irritation of,
    (A)   Ears
    (B)   Skin
    (C)   Eyes
    (D)   None of the above

17   Water stored using rain water harvesting useful for,
    (A)   All purposes
    (B)   Drinking only
    (C)   Agriculture only
    (D)   None of the above

18   Carbon credits is a _ _ _ _ given to countries reducing green house emission,
    (A)   Certificate
    (B)   Value
    (C)   Price
    (D)   None of the above

19   Modern fusion bombs are also known as,
    (A)   Nuclear bombs
    (B)   Explosives of H2
    (C)   Fire extinguishers
    (D)   None of the above

20   One carbon credit represents _ _ _ _ of _ _ _ _ gas removed from atmosphere or saved from being emitted
    (A)   One Tonne, CO2
    (B)   Half Tonne, CO2
    (C)   One Tonne, SO2
    (D)   None of the above

21   The death of the last individual of a species is called_______
    (A)   Extinction
    (B)   Endanger
    (C)   Neither A nor B
    (D)   Diversity

22   Which one of the following is not true about the term “CARBON CREDITS”?
    (A)   A Carbon credit gives the owner the right to emit one tonne of carbon dioxide
    (B)   Carbon credits are a tradable permit scheme and can be exchanged between businesses having short of quotas or below the quotas
    (C)   These can be bought and sold in international/national market at the Govt. controlled prices
    (D)   All the above are true

23   Shifting back to a more localized production of food and other resources would lead to all of the following except
    (A)   Reduced local environmental sustainability
    (B)   More stable source of jobs and income
    (C)   More profits circulating within each community
    (D)   Reduced transportation fuel use

24   Which of the following would not traditionally support an environmental-friendly economy?
    (A)   Shift taxes from wages and profits to pollution and waste
    (B)   Improve energy efficiency
    (C)   Shift from a carbon-based economy to a renewable fuel-based economy
    (D)   Decrease subsidies for alternative fuel vehicles

25   Which of the following is not true of watershed management?
    (A)   Watershed management is continuous and needs a multidisciplinary approach
    (B)   A watershed management framework support partnering, using sound science, taking well planned actions and achieving results
    (C)   Watersheds are natural systems that we can work with
    (D)   Watersheds are a type of building for storing bottled water

26   What is watershed?
    (A)   Area of land that water flows across as it moves toward a larger water body
    (B)   Area of land from which water drains to a particular water body
    (C)   Moisture released from clouds in the form of rain, snow, hail, etc
    (D)   Both I) and II)

27   Which is not a treatment measures for watershed development?
    (A)   Contour bunding
    (B)   Gravity dam
    (C)   Contour trenching
    (D)   Contour stone walls

28   A sustainable society
    (A)   Returns to a more primitive style of living
    (B)   Meets the needs and aspirations of the present without compromising those of the future
    (C)   Curtails all further development
    (D)   Continues as always and assumes that things will work out for the best

29   Rain Water harvesting is not___________
    (A)   Catching and holding rain where it falls and using it
    (B)   Storing it in tanks
    (C)   Recharging groundwater
    (D)   Harvesting the crops with rain water

30   Which of following are terms used to describe types of development?
    (A)   Financial, educational
    (B)   General, specific
    (C)   Static, Dynamic
    (D)   None of the above

31   Which of the following are likely to be present in photochemical smog?
    (A)   Sulphur dioxide
    (B)   Sulphur
    (C)   Chlorofluorocarbon
    (D)   Ozone

32   Which of the following is not a basis for opposition to nuclear power?
    (A)   High construction costs
    (B)   Generation of greenhouse gases
    (C)   The risk for serious accident
    (D)   Security risks

33   IPCC stands for
    (A)   Intergovernmental panel on climate change
    (B)   International panel on climate change
    (C)   Intergovernmental policies of climate change
    (D)   International policies of climate protection

34   The lower most layer of the atmosphere is called as
    (A)   Troposphere
    (B)   Nano-sphere
    (C)   Ozone-sphere
    (D)   Nitro sphere

35   Nuclear power plants are typically fuelled with what?
    (A)   Plutonium
    (B)   Deuterium
    (C)   Uranium-238
    (D)   Uranium-235

36   Which is a not treatment measure for watershed development
    (A)   Contour bunding
    (B)   Gravity dam
    (C)   Contour trenching
    (D)   Contour stone walls

37   3R stands for one of following:
    (A)   Re-use, Reduce, Recycle
    (B)   Reproduce, Reduce, Recycle
    (C)   Redevelop, Reproduce, Recycle
    (D)   None of the above

38   Due to acid rain, how pH of soil gets affected?
    (A)   pH decreases
    (B)   pH increases
    (C)   pH is unaffected
    (D)   None of the above

39   Which of the following diseases is caused to humans due to ozone layer depletion?
    (A)   Skin, lungs and blood cancer
    (B)   Brain tumour
    (C)   Heart attack
    (D)   None of the above

40   Atomic oxygen reacts with ______to give acryl radical
    (A)   Hydrocarbon
    (B)   CFC
    (C)   SO2
    (D)   None of the above

41   Photochemical smog causes irritation of
    (A)   Ears
    (B)   Skin
    (C)   Eyes
    (D)   None of the above

42   The main advantage of watershed approach is
    (A)   High cost
    (B)   Time consuming method
    (C)   Environment friendly
    (D)   None of the above

43   The black soot spread absorbs —–radiations
    (A)   Gamma
    (B)   UV
    (C)   Solar
    (D)   None of the above

44   Phenomenon opposite to global warming is—–
    (A)   Infra-red
    (B)   Nuclear winter
    (C)   UV radiations
    (D)   None of the above

45   Crop productivity —–substantially due to nuclear accidents
    (A)   Increases
    (B)   Reduce
    (C)   Will not affect
    (D)   None of the above

46   —–is a new currency
    (A)   Carbon credits
    (B)   US dollars
    (C)   Swiss Franks
    (D)   None of the above

47   Use of renewable energy sources can replace
    (A)   Fossil Fuels
    (B)   Solar power
    (C)   Hydropower
    (D)   None of the above

48   From Feb-2005, —–was enforced,
    (A)   Kyoto protocol
    (B)   Green fuels
    (C)   Bio energy
    (D)   None of the above

49   The concept of Carbon credits is one of the outcomes of
    (A)   Hiroshima disaster
    (B)   Kyoto protocol
    (C)   Holocaust
    (D)   None of the above

50   One —– is equal to one tonne —– emission
    (A)   Carbon credit, CO2
    (B)   Carbon credit, UV
    (C)   Carbon dioxide, I.R.
    (D)   None of the above

51   Methane capture from landfills/live stocks can generate
    (A)   Hydropower
    (B)   Solar Power
    (C)   Carbon credits
    (D)   None of the above

52   Carbon credits are also called ________
    (A)   Emission permits
    (B)   Pollution control
    (C)   Environment ethics
    (D)   None of the above

53   The open Water reservoirs face ______of water
    (A)   Evaporation
    (B)   Reduction
    (C)   Waste waters
    (D)   None of the above

54   Shortage of water faced can be solved by
    (A)   Water storage
    (B)   Well digging
    (C)   Rain water harvesting
    (D)   None of the above

55   Photochemical smog affects ____________ of plant species
    (A)   Growth
    (B)   Sowing
    (C)   Harvesting
    (D)   None of the above

56   Ozonosphere is a separate layer in stratosphere, at a height of
    (A)   10-20 kms from sea level
    (B)   15-30 kms from sea level
    (C)   30-40 kms from sea level
    (D)   None of the above

57   One chlorine atom is estimated to destroy up to how many ozone molecules approximately?
    (A)   About 1 lakh
    (B)   About 2 lakh
    (C)   More than 5 lakh
    (D)   None of the above

58   The atmosphere was attached by photochemical smog first time in Los Angeles in Year
    (A)   1947
    (B)   1945
    (C)   1940
    (D)   None of the above

59   Which one is not a greenhouse gas?
    (A)   CO2
    (B)   Ozone
    (C)   CH4
    (D)   CFC

60   The subatomic particles released during a nuclear chain reaction are what?
    (A)   Gluons
    (B)   Electrons
    (C)   Neutrons
    (D)   Protons

61   Human Rights come under which of the following type of development?
    (A)   Social aspect of sustainable development
    (B)   Economical development
    (C)   Cultural development
    (D)   None of the above

62   The time for half the amount of a radioactive isotope to decay is known as its
    (A)   Half life
    (B)   Radioactive decay
    (C)   Halving time
    (D)   Rate of decay

63   Clean or Natural rain water has a pH of _________at 20o c
    (A)   1.6
    (B)   2.6
    (C)   3.6
    (D)   5.6

64   In India at this place acid rain is recorded
    (A)   Kodaikanal
    (B)   Delhi
    (C)   Mumbai
    (D)   Yavatmal

65   The amount of atmospheric ozone is measured by
    (A)   Wilson spectrometer
    (B)   Rockson spectrometer
    (C)   Ultra-spectrometer
    (D)   Dobson spectrometer

66   1 DU is equivalent to a ______mm thickness of pure ozone
    (A)   0.001
    (B)   1
    (C)   0.01
    (D)   100

67   The National council of environmental planning and coordination was set up in
    (A)   1952
    (B)   1953
    (C)   1972
    (D)   1974

68   The annual average rainfall in India is______
    (A)   1200mm
    (B)   1600mm
    (C)   2100mm
    (D)   4100mm

69   Sardar Sarover projects of dam is on
    (A)   Ganga River
    (B)   Narmada River
    (C)   Kali River
    (D)   Yamuna River

70   CFC are a group of synthetic chemical and it is first discovered by
    (A)   Thomas Midgley
    (B)   N.K. Bose
    (C)   P.W. Wrinker
    (D)   N.S. Rao

71   _____ are used as coolants in refrigerators and air conditions
    (A)   CFCs
    (B)   O3
    (C)   O2+ O3
    (D)   CFCFCs

72   The natural sunscreen in the stratosphere is called as
    (A)   Oxygen layer
    (B)   Hydrogen layer
    (C)   Ozone layer
    (D)   Sulphur layer

73   In atmosphere, aldehydes are attacked by __________to form hydroxyl radical
    (A)   Atomic hydrogen
    (B)   Atomic oxygen
    (C)   Oxygen radical
    (D)   None of the above

74   What country has the greatest reliance on nuclear power for generation of electricity?
    (A)   Japan
    (B)   Germany
    (C)   England
    (D)   France

75   Which of these countries has the highest per capita carbon dioxide emission?
    (A)   United States
    (B)   Australia
    (C)   Saudi Arabia
    (D)   China

76   Which state has made it compulsory to harvest rain water for all buildings?
    (A)   Rajasthan
    (B)   West Bengal
    (C)   Tamilnadu
    (D)   Maharashtra

77   In Mumbai, what is the minimum plot area for which rain water harvesting is mandatory?
    (A)   2000 sq. m
    (B)   500 sq. m
    (C)   1000 sq. m
    (D)   1500 sq. m

78   Which one below is NOT an example of a freshwater body of water?
    (A)   Lakes
    (B)   Rivers
    (C)   Ponds
    (D)   Oceans

79   What is watershed?
    (A)   Area of land that water flows across as it moves toward a larger water body
    (B)   Area of land from which water drains to a particular water body
    (C)   Moisture released from clouds in the form of rain, snow, hail etc
    (D)   Both A and B

Pages-> 0/1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8

Back to Top