Environmental Studies


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Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

1   Which among the following chronic lung disease commonly known as black lung disease, leads to reduced life expectancy in coal-miners?
    (A)   Pneumoconiosis
    (B)   Progressive Massive Fibrosis
    (C)   Mesothelioma
    (D)   Collier’s Asthma

2   Which among the following is the second most abundant Green-House-Gas (GHG) in the earth’s atmosphere?
    (A)   Carbon dioxide
    (B)   Water Vapour
    (C)   Sulphur Dioxide
    (D)   Tropospheric Ozone

3   The Cartagena Protocol is regarding safe use, transfer and handling of:
    (A)   Nuclear waste
    (B)   Invasive Alien Species
    (C)   Living Modified Organisms (LMOs)
    (D)   Toxic by e-products and industrial effluents

4   The Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP) is headed by:
    (A)   Madhav Chitale
    (B)   Megha Patkar
    (C)   Madhav Gadgil
    (D)   Megha Pansare

5   Identify the non Green-House Gas (GHG) from the following:
    (A)   Methane
    (B)   Nitrous oxide
    (C)   CFCs
    (D)   Carbon Monoxide

6   Which of the following statements is true?
    (A)   Photochemical smog always contains Ozone
    (B)   The toxic effect of Carbon Monoxide is due to its greater affinity for haemoglobin as compared to oxygen
    (C)   Lead is the most hazardous metal pollutant of automobile exhaust
    (D)   All of the above

7   In which among the following states, Government had identified maximum number of Ecologically Sensitive Zones under the Environment (Protection) Act
    (A)   Maharashtra
    (B)   Andhra Pradesh
    (C)   Karnataka
    (D)   Gujarat

8   Which among the following city was declared as Tiger Gateway of India?
    (A)   Chandrapur
    (B)   Nagpur
    (C)   Ratnagiri
    (D)   Gondia

9   Which among the following will emit maximum mass of carbon dioxide, when the same quantity is burnt of all of them?
    (A)   Kerosene
    (B)   Propane
    (C)   Natural Gas
    (D)   Gasoline

10   Madhav Gadgil Panel or The Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP) had, in May 2011 had suggested listing of which among the following regions in the State as Ecologically Significant Area (ESA)?
    (A)   Eastern Ghats
    (B)   Western Ghats
    (C)   Both A and B
    (D)   Himalaya

11   Now a days Environmental Accounting is making news. What is Environment Accounting?
    (A)   It is a method to measure the consumption of the environment/ natural resources
    (B)   Its a method to statistically analyze the green areas of the country
    (C)   Its a method of accounting in which all units are expressed in terms of loss / gain of Carbon Dioxide
    (D)   Its a method of accounting in which all measurement is expressed in Carbon Credits

12   Which among the following always decreases in a Food chain across tropic levels?
    (A)   Number
    (B)   Energy
    (C)   Accumulated chemicals
    (D)   None of the above

13   In the E-waste generated by the Mobile Phones, which among the following metal is most abundant?
    (A)   Copper
    (B)   Gold
    (C)   Silver
    (D)   All of the above

14   Acid rain is capable of damaging the buildings and historic monuments which are made up of rocks such as limestone and marble. Which among the following is the end product of such reaction?
    (A)   Quick Lime
    (B)   Calcium Carbonate
    (C)   Calcium Hydroxide
    (D)   Gypsum

15   Which among the above plays the most important role in Ozone depletion?
    (A)   Hydrogen
    (B)   Carbon
    (C)   Chlorine
    (D)   Fluorine

16   Which among the following is the dangerous Green House Gas, created by the Waste Water?
    (A)   Nitrogen
    (B)   Methane
    (C)   Sulphur Dioxide
    (D)   Carbon Monoxide

17   Which among the following gas is used as reference to calculate Global Warming Potential (GWP)?
    (A)   Carbon dioxide
    (B)   Propane
    (C)   Sulphur Dioxide
    (D)   Methane

18   The establishment of Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) enshrines which among the following objectives?
    (A)   Protection from Pollution
    (B)   Tourism Development
    (C)   Economy Hub
    (D)   Transportation facilities

19   Which among the following is the main source of Synthetic Fuel?
    (A)   Plastic
    (B)   Biomass
    (C)   Coal
    (D)   Municipal Waste

20   Ozone layer lies in:
    (A)   Troposphere
    (B)   Lithosphere
    (C)   Hydrosphere
    (D)   Stratosphere

21   The variation of life forms within an ecosystem or on earth is named as:
    (A)   Biome
    (B)   Biodiversity
    (C)   Biological variety
    (D)   None of the above

22   Which one of following is not a type of biodiversity?
    (A)   Genetic
    (B)   Species
    (C)   Biology
    (D)   None of the above

23   Which of the following forms level of biodiversity?
    (A)   Alpha biodiversity
    (B)   Delta biodiversity
    (C)   Species biodiversity
    (D)   None of the above

24   Measurement of overall diversity for different ecosystems within a region comes under which of following levels?
    (A)   Alpha
    (B)   Beta
    (C)   Gamma
    (D)   None of the above

25   Whittaker described three metrics to measure species biodiversity
    (A)   Species richness
    (B)   Simpson index
    (C)   Shannon-wiener index
    (D)   None of the above

26   Which of the following index is used to calculate the trend in population size of a cross section of the species?
    (A)   Mean species Abundance index
    (B)   Simpson’s index
    (C)   Species richness
    (D)   None of the above

27   Which of the following are types of uses of biodiversity?
    (A)   Consumptive and productive uses
    (B)   Only productive uses
    (C)   Only consumptive uses
    (D)   None of the above

28   Several agricultural disasters occur due to lack of biodiversity. Which of the following term is used to describe “lack of biodiversity”?
    (A)   Aquaculture
    (B)   Pollination
    (C)   Monoculture
    (D)   None of the above

29   Lirsh potato famine is an agricultural disaster. In which year it had occurred?
    (A)   1970
    (B)   1971
    (C)   1972
    (D)   None of the above

30   US Southern Corn Leaf Blight epidemic is an agriculture disaster of 1970. Which of following Contributed as a major cause for it?
    (A)   Biome
    (B)   Bio culture
    (C)   Monoculture
    (D)   None of the above

31   Which of the following describes value of biodiversity? (i) Gardening, collecting butterflies (ii) Botanical garden (iii) Clearing land for civil uses
    (A)   Both (i) and (ii)
    (B)   Only (ii)
    (C)   Both (ii) and (iii)
    (D)   None of the above

32   Which of the following statement is correct for India?
    (A)   India is the 7th largest country in world with mega diversity
    (B)   India has no rank in world w.r.t. biodiversity
    (C)   Coasts in India do not play role in biodiversity
    (D)   None of the above

33   Which of the following haws largest desert?
    (A)   Kutchch
    (B)   West coast
    (C)   Nicobars
    (D)   None of the above

34   Which of the following are Islands?
    (A)   Andaman and Nicobars
    (B)   Lakshadweep
    (C)   Malabar Plains
    (D)   None of the above

35   Which of the following are semi Arids?
    (A)   Punjab, Gujarat, Rajputana
    (B)   Malabar Plains
    (C)   Nicobars
    (D)   None of the above

36   Himalayan Mountain falls in which region,
    (A)   2A, 2B, 2C, 2D
    (B)   8A
    (C)   6B
    (D)   None of the above

37   Himalayan region is divided into North west, West, central and East Himalayas. These are Known, as,
    (A)   Biotic Provinces
    (B)   Mountain ranges
    (C)   Abiotic regions
    (D)   None of the above

38   Alpine zone of Himalaya lies very high and is full of particular type of trees. Which of the Following is correct description for height and type of tree?
    (A)   12000 +ft altitude, Timber trees
    (B)   5500-12000 ft altitude, Kailandchir, Deoder
    (C)   5000 ft altitude, Shisham trees
    (D)   None of the above

39   Ladakh Mountains and Tibetan plateau are part of
    (A)   Trans Himalaya region
    (B)   Desert
    (C)   Semi Arid
    (D)   None of the above

40   Kuchch and Thar comprise majorly of
    (A)   Western Ghats
    (B)   Himalayan region
    (C)   Deserts
    (D)   None of the above

41   Aravali Mountains are covering states such as
    (A)   Gujarat, M. P. Rajasthan
    (B)   Ladakh Mountain
    (C)   Coastal region
    (D)   None of the above

42   Punjab Plains, Gujarat and Rajputana comprise which of following regions?
    (A)   Semi Arid
    (B)   Western Ghats
    (C)   Central Himalaya
    (D)   None of the above

43   Which of the river plain extends upto Himalayan Foot Hills?
    (A)   The Gangetic Plain
    (B)   Punjab plain
    (C)   Brahmaputra valley
    (D)   None of the above

44   The Gangetic Plain extends through which of the states?
    (A)   Western U. P. and West Bengal
    (B)   Madhya pradesh and Uttar Pradesh
    (C)   Western Bengal
    (D)   None of the above

45   The North –East India Comprises of
    (A)   Himalayan hill ranges
    (B)   Aravali hill ranges
    (C)   Non-Himalayan hill ranges
    (D)   None of the above

46   Cheerapunji is situated in which of the following region in India?
    (A)   The Western Ghats
    (B)   The North-East India
    (C)   The North India
    (D)   None of the above

47   Which of the following place (S) receive maximum rainfall in India?
    (A)   The North-East India
    (B)   Non Himalayan hills
    (C)   Cheerapunji in the North-East India
    (D)   None of the above

48   In which of the following Islands are Andaman and Nicobar are situated?
    (A)   Arabian Sea
    (B)   Bay of Bengal
    (C)   Atlantic Ocean
    (D)   None of the above

49   In which of the following the Islands of Andaman and Nicobar are situated?
    (A)   Arabian Sea
    (B)   Atlantic Ocean
    (C)   Bay of Bengal
    (D)   None of the above

50   Ratnagiri is located in which of following state?
    (A)   Chennai – Tamilnadu
    (B)   Madhya Pradesh
    (C)   Maharashtra
    (D)   None of the above

51   Asiatic cheetah, Lion and wild Ass are on verge of getting almost extinguished. Which of the following term is used commonly to describe such a situation?
    (A)   Endangered species / Threatened species
    (B)   Rare species
    (C)   Unique species
    (D)   None of the above

52   Which of the following animal comes under category of “Critically endangered species”?
    (A)   Sumatran Rhinoceros
    (B)   Asiatic Lion
    (C)   Indian Tiger
    (D)   None of the above

53   Which of the following animal comes under category of “Threatened Species”?
    (A)   Leopard
    (B)   Mouse
    (C)   Dog
    (D)   None of the above

54   Which of the following is an Indian Biodiversity Hotspots?
    (A)   The Western Ghats
    (B)   National Parks
    (C)   Botanical gardens
    (D)   None of the above

55   Uncontrolled hybridization of different species of animal /plants. Which of the following Pollution it leads to?
    (A)   Genetic pollution
    (B)   Homogenization
    (C)   Genetic swamping
    (D)   None of the above

56   “Genetic pollution” may be originated due to one of the following. Which of the following May be possible reason:
    (A)   Uncontrolled hybridization
    (B)   Unprofitability
    (C)   Natural phenomenon
    (D)   None of the above

57   Which of the following is considered to be major threat to global biodiversity?
    (A)   Genetically modified species
    (B)   Global warming
    (C)   Pollination
    (D)   None of the above

58   Conservation of species of botanical gardens, zoos, gene banks etc. is done observing certain Methods. Which of the following term is used for such methods?
    (A)   In-situ conservation methods
    (B)   Ex-situ conservation methods
    (C)   Heritage conservation
    (D)   None of the above

59   The ‘Global zoo Ecoregions’ is a system derived to conserve biodiversity. Which of following has taken this initiative?
    (A)   The world wild-life fund
    (B)   Africa
    (C)   Latin America
    (D)   None of the above

60   A world map of hot spots with details of flora and fauna is prepared by
    (A)   The national geographic society
    (B)   Scientific organizations
    (C)   Environmentalists
    (D)   None of the above

61   Which of the following acronym stands for and is preferred by Edward O. Wilson for threats to Biodiversity Habitat (destruction), Invasive (Species), Pollution, Population (explosion) and Overharvesting
    (A)   HIPPO
    (B)   HIPPEO
    (C)   HINPPEO
    (D)   None of the above

62   The millennium Ecosystem Assessment -2005 took up study of threat to ecosystems in word. Which of following is marked as “most threatened ecosystem”?
    (A)   Fresh water ecosystem
    (B)   Air pollution
    (C)   Water pollution
    (D)   None of the above

63   Poaching of wild animals is very common. Which of following is main reason?
    (A)   Animals killed for their organs
    (B)   Animals are killed only for food
    (C)   Animals are killed as they are overpopulated
    (D)   None of the above

64   Which of the following conservation methods are applied only to wild fauna and flora, and not to domesticated animals and plants?
    (A)   In-situ conservation methods
    (B)   Ex-situ conservation methods
    (C)   Both A and B
    (D)   None of the above

65   Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and World heritage Convention [WHC] was held in years:
    (A)   1976 & 1977 respectively
    (B)   1981
    (C)   1986
    (D)   None of the above

66   Under world Heritage convention’s ratification, which of the following monuments in India were covered in Heritage conservation in years 1983?
    (A)   Ajanta-Ellora caves, Agra fort, Tajmahal
    (B)   National parks
    (C)   Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan
    (D)   None of the above

67   Which of following is name of first national Park in India, established in year 1935?
    (A)   Hailey National park
    (B)   Sanjay Gandhi National park
    (C)   Sundarban National park
    (D)   None of the above

68   The Hailey national park established in 1935 was renamed as,
    (A)   Jim Corbett National park
    (B)   Sundarban National park
    (C)   Kanha National park
    (D)   None of the above

69   Which of the following park is magnificent jungle of mangroves and is one of its own kind in world
    (A)   Sundarban National park
    (B)   Nagarhole
    (C)   Kanha National park
    (D)   None of the above

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