Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

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1   Indian factory act come in to force on ———-
    (A)   1st May 1960
    (B)   1st April 1949
    (C)   15th August 1947
    (D)   26th January 1950

2   As per Indian factory act, The person who has control over the affairs of factory is known as ——
    (A)   Employee
    (B)   Worker
    (C)   Occupier
    (D)   None of the above

3   Section 27 under the Industrial dispute act is about……..
    (A)   Manufacturing process
    (C)   Penalty for instigation
    (D)   Occupier
    (B)   None of the above

4   As per Indian Factory act, Employer has to provide canteen facility, if there are —- number of employees.
    (A)   50
    (B)   100
    (C)   200
    (D)   250

5   Bhopal gas tragedy led to an amendment under —- legislation
    (A)   Indian Safety act
    (B)   Indian boiler act
    (C)   Indian wage act
    (D)   None of the above

6   arrangements of drinking water is mentioned under—— section of Factory act
    (A)   15
    (B)   11
    (C)   10
    (D)   18

7   For contravention of provisions of factories act, the occupier shall liable for punishment up to ——-
    (A)   Fine of Rs 10000
    (B)   Fine of Rs 100000
    (C)   Fine of Rs 200000
    (D)   None of the above

8   The license fee can be paid to get license for a factory maximum up to ——–
    (A)   One year
    (B)   Two year
    (C)   Five Year
    (D)   Three year

9   The occupier of a factory is required to send written notice to the Chief Inspector of Factories at least ——— days before he begins to occupy the premises as factory.
    (A)   7
    (B)   15
    (C)   10
    (D)   30

10   As per the Factories Act,1948 any engine, motor or other appliance which generates or otherwise provides power is termed as ————–
    (A)   Prime Mover
    (B)   Machinery
    (C)   Equipment
    (D)   All of the Above

11   As per section 16 of the Factory Act, 1948 the minimum space to be allocated to each worker employed in the factory is —————
    (A)   12.2 cu.m.
    (B)   13.2 cu.m.
    (C)   4.2 cu.m.
    (D)   15.2 cu.m.

12   An adult worker is allowed to work for ——– hours in a week.
    (A)   35
    (B)   48
    (C)   40
    (D)   45

13   ——- is not an essential element of a factory
    (A)   There must be premises
    (C)   There must be manufacturing process being carried on at the premises
    (D)   There must be ten or more workers where the manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power
    (B)   There must be an electronic data processing units are installed

14   Section 2 (m) of the Factory Act 1948 Says about —
    (A)   Factory
    (B)   Manufacturing Process
    (C)   Workers
    (D)   All of the Above

15   Crèche is to be provided if______ or more lady employees are engaged
    (A)   15
    (B)   25
    (C)   30
    (D)   40

16   The maximum daily hours of work in a day with normal wage allowed in factories is ———–
    (A)   8
    (B)   9
    (C)   10
    (D)   11

17   ——- authority enforces the Factory Act 1948
    (A)   The Heavy Industries Department of Central Government
    (B)   Human Resources Department
    (C)   The Labour Department of the State Government
    (D)   All of the Above

18   The industrial peace is secured through voluntary _______ and compulsory ________
    (A)   Compromise and Arbitration
    (B)   Adjudication and Arbitration
    (C)   Work Committee and Industrial Tribunal
    (D)   Negotiation and Adjudication

19   ——-legislation there is a provision called “protected workmen”
    (A)   Trade Unions Act, 1926
    (B)   Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
    (C)   Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
    (D)   Factories Act, 1948

20   Grievance Handing Machinery is given in ———
    (A)   Industrial Dispute Act
    (B)   Indian factory act
    (C)   Minimum Wages act
    (D)   All of the Above

21   To provide compensation to workmen in cases of Lay-off, retrenchment and closure is a provision of…………… Act.
    (A)   Factory Act
    (B)   Industrial Dispute
    (C)   Workmen Compensation
    (D)   None of the above

22   ——– is a mechanism for the settlement of Industrial Disputes in India
    (A)   National Commission on Labour
    (B)   Wage Board
    (C)   Industrial Tribunal
    (D)   Standing Labour Committee

23   ——- machinery has been mentioned in the Industrial Dispute act accountable for the speedy and amicable settlement of industrial disputes
    (A)   Adjudication
    (C)   Conciliation
    (D)   Arbitration
    (B)   Appropriate government

24   ________ means an interim or a final determination of any industrial dispute or of any question relating thereto by any labour court.
    (A)   Banking Company
    (B)   Conciliation Proceeding
    (C)   Closure
    (D)   Award

25   Industrial Dispute means, Dispute between —–
    (A)   Employer and workmen
    (B)   Workmen and workmen
    (C)   Employer and Employer
    (D)   All of the Above

26   The ——- authorities are set up for settling the industrial Dispute.
    (A)   Labor court
    (B)   Industrial Tribunal
    (C)   Conciliation Board
    (D)   All of the Above

27   An arbitrator is appointed by ————
    (A)   Employer
    (B)   Lawyer
    (C)   Government
    (D)   All of the Above

28   ‘Award’ under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 is——-
    (A)   Interim determination of industrial dispute
    (B)   Final determination of industrial dispute
    (C)   Arbitration award under Section 10A
    (D)   Both A &B

29   Under the Industrial Disputes Act, ——- is not be considered as an industrial dispute
    (A)   When employer fails to keep his verbal promises
    (B)   When closure is a pretence
    (C)   When demand made for alteration of conditions of service of employees in a cooperative society
    (D)   When the lock-out is in disguise of closure

30   The ongoing globalization in India requires drastic changes under ——— of the labour legislation.
    (A)   The Factory Act
    (B)   The Employees’ State Insurance Act
    (C)   The Industrial Disputes Act
    (D)   The Employees’ Provident Funds Act

31   ————- includes any court constituted under any law relating to investigation and settlement of industrial disputes in force in any State
    (A)   Labour court
    (B)   District court
    (C)   Supreme Court
    (D)   None of the above

32   A national tribunal consist of —- number of person/s to be appointed by the central government.
    (A)   2
    (B)   5
    (C)   1
    (D)   3

33   As per section ___ a conciliation proceeding shall be deemed to have commenced on the date on which a strike or lock – out is received by the conciliation officer
    (A)   22
    (C)   20
    (D)   18
    (B)   19

34   No person employed in a public utility service shall go on strike in breach of contract within ____ of giving such a notice.
    (A)   2 weeks
    (B)   6 weeks
    (C)   1 week
    (D)   4 weeks

35   Section ____ of industrial dispute act covers the compensation provided to workers who are in continuous service for not less than one year.
    (A)   25
    (B)   25A
    (C)   25-FFF
    (D)   26

36   A workmen who is employed in an industrial establishment in the place of another workman whose name is borne on the muster rolls of the establishment is ————-
    (A)   Temporary workmen
    (B)   Permanent workmen
    (C)   Badali workman
    (D)   All of the above

37   ‘Dependent’ means ——- relatives of a deceased workman,
    (A)   Widow
    (B)   Minor legitimate son
    (C)   Unmarried legitimate daughter
    (D)   All of the above

38   A person named as Minor who has not attained the age of —– years
    (A)   21
    (B)   18
    (C)   20
    (D)   None of the above

39   If death results from the injury, the amount of compensation to the employee equal to
    (A)   40% monthly wages multiplied by the relevant factor
    (B)   150% monthly wages multiplied by the relevant factor
    (C)   100% monthly wages multiplied by the relevant factor
    (D)   None of the above

40   Minimum rates of wages may be fixed by —–
    (A)   Hour
    (B)   Day
    (C)   Month
    (D)   All of the above

41   If workmen Loss of both hands or amputation at higher sites then he /she will get compensation —– percentage of loss of earning capacity
    (A)   25
    (B)   100
    (C)   50
    (D)   None of the above

42   If workmen have permanent total disablement, he /she will get compensation amount —– percentage of monthly wages.
    (A)   50
    (B)   25
    (C)   100
    (D)   None of the above

43   A workmen have Amputation through shoulder joint, and then he/she will get compensation —–Percentage of loss of earning capacity.
    (A)   10
    (C)   50
    (D)   70
    (B)   90

44   A workmen have Loss of both eyes, and then He / She will get compensation —— Percentage of loss of earning capacity
    (A)   30
    (B)   50
    (C)   40
    (D)   100

45   Basic compensations given to employees as salaries or wages are called ——-
    (A)   Basic pay
    (B)   Wages
    (C)   Salary
    (D)   Variable pay

46   Characteristic of a good compensation system is ——-
    (A)   Higher the qualification of worker, higher is compensation
    (B)   Higher the efficiency of worker, higher is compensation
    (C)   Higher the rank of worker, higher is compensation
    (D)   All of the above

47   Major factors influencing compensation of worker are —–
    (A)   Skill
    (B)   Effort
    (C)   Working condition
    (D)   All of the above

48   In graduated time rates system, if basic salary is Rs.2000 and dearness allowance is 150% then total remuneration will be Rs. —–
    (A)   3000
    (B)   5000
    (C)   2000
    (D)   2150

49   Most common and usual form of direct compensation paid in organizations is —–
    (A)   Base pay and benefits
    (B)   Variable pay and benefit
    (C)   Base and variable pay
    (D)   All of the above

50   An Act to provide for the payment by certain classes of employers to their Employees of compensation for injury by accident —-
    (A)   Industrial Acts
    (B)   Industrial Dispute Ac
    (C)   Workman Compensation Act
    (D)   Minimum Wages Act

51   —— means, where the disablement is of a temporary nature, such disablement as reduces the earning capacity of a *[employee] in any employment in which he was engaged at the time of the accident resulting in the disablement
    (A)   Total disablement
    (B)   Partial disablement
    (C)   Major disablement
    (D)   None of the above

52   Section……. deals with the provisions relating to arrangements for drinking water in factories
    (A)   18
    (B)   12
    (C)   9
    (D)   7

53   According to the definition of ‘Week’ under the Minimum wage Act, it is a period of 7 days beginning at midnight on______
    (A)   Sunday
    (C)   Monday
    (D)   Friday
    (B)   Saturday

54   The power of inspectors is discussed under Section———–of the Factories Act, 1948.
    (A)   9
    (B)   10
    (C)   11
    (D)   12

55   The responsibility for maintenance of employee health and safety is concerned with ——–
    (A)   Employee
    (B)   Employer
    (C)   Government
    (D)   All of the above

56   Ensuring the safety, health and welfare of the employees is the primary purpose of the ——-
    (A)   Factories Act, 1948
    (B)   Industrial Dispute Act
    (C)   Workman Compensation Act
    (D)   Minimum Wages Act

57   A person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the factory under Factories Act, 1948 is called as —-
    (A)   Manager
    (B)   Chairman
    (C)   Occupier
    (D)   None of the above

58   Leave with wages is allowed for employees if they work for _____days in a month
    (A)   28
    (B)   20
    (C)   30
    (D)   31

59   An adult worker can work up to __ hrs in a day as per factories Act, 1948.
    (A)   9
    (B)   8
    (C)   12
    (D)   16

60   Section 22 and 23 of the industrial dispute Act says about ———
    (A)   Fencing of machineries
    (B)   Facing of machineries
    (C)   Work on near machinery in motion
    (D)   Strikes and lock-out

61   The Section 20 of the Factories act discusses about———
    (A)   Latrines and Urinals
    (B)   Drinking water
    (C)   Spittoons
    (D)   Lighting

62   Under Minimum Wages Act an Adult means a Person who has completed an age of ——– years
    (A)   18
    (B)   15
    (C)   16
    (D)   19

63   The employment of young person on dangerous machines shall be prohibited by ……………… the Act.
    (A)   Industrial dispute
    (C)   Workmen Compensation
    (D)   Factory
    (B)   None of the above

64   To close down a factory, the occupier has to give ________ days notice to the authorities
    (A)   30
    (B)   60
    (C)   90
    (D)   15

65   Under the Factories Act, white washing of the factory building should be carried out in every _________ months
    (A)   12
    (B)   24
    (C)   26
    (D)   14

66   Accident may occur due to
    (A)   Fire drill
    (B)   Unsafe act of worker
    (C)   Good concentration on the work
    (D)   All of the above

67   Controlling function includes the following processes. 1. Analyzing the actual performance 2. Finding out the reasons for discrepancies 3. Evaluating the performance 4. Establishing the standards of work performance. The correct sequence in which these processes are usually carried out is-
    (A)   1,2,3,4
    (B)   1,4,2,3
    (C)   4,1,3,2
    (D)   1,4,3,2

68   Which one of the following statement is correct- 1. Planning and controlling are one and the same. 2. Controlling is a part of the planning process. 3. Controlling is a substitute for planning 4. A control process is meaningless without preset standards
    (A)   2
    (B)   3
    (C)   1
    (D)   4

69   Which basic function of management includes setting standards such as production of engine piston with desired quality standards?
    (A)   Planning
    (B)   Controlling
    (C)   Directing
    (D)   All above

70   Which specific activities listed below are part of the controlling function-
    (A)   Giving each subordinates a specific task
    (B)   Recruiting skilled employees
    (C)   Developing rules and regulations
    (D)   Checking to see how actual performance compares with standards.

71   Directing function of management implies- 1.Planning 2. Staffing 3. Leadership. 4. Motivation
    (A)   1 & 2
    (B)   3 & 4
    (C)   2 & 4
    (D)   2, 3 & 4

72   Consider the following basic steps involved in the process of controlling- 1. Identifying the strategic control points. 2. Establishment of standards 3. Measuring performance against standards 4. Correcting deviations from the standards. Arrange it in order in which it is carried out.
    (A)   1,4,2,3
    (B)   1,2,3,4
    (C)   2,1,3,4
    (D)   2,3,1,4

73   Establishment of standards, comparing actual results with standards and taking corrective action are the steps in-
    (A)   Planning
    (C)   Controlling
    (D)   Directing
    (B)   Organizing

74   Which of the following management functions are closely related?
    (A)   Organization and staffing
    (B)   Planning and Controlling
    (C)   Directing and Controlling
    (D)   Planning and Staffing.

75   Which of the following would be included in the controlling function?
    (A)   Setting corporate goals
    (B)   Explaining routines
    (C)   Setting performance standards
    (D)   Giving assignment

76   Directing is a continuous task of __________
    (A)   Making decisions, giving orders and providing leadership
    (B)   Controlling the process and cost of product
    (C)   Bringing simplicity in accomplishing set goal
    (D)   Improving the efficiency of group only

77   In order to achieve the desired results, the effort should be in proper direction; this is ensured by the following function of management 1.Directing 2. Coordinating 3. Forecasting 4. Controlling
    (A)   1 & 4
    (B)   2 & 3
    (C)   2 & 4
    (D)   1 & 3

78   Order issued by Supervisor must have clarity and completeness to-
    (A)   Achieve set goal of firm
    (B)   Fulfill the requirements of vision and mission of firm
    (C)   Avoid material waste and profit
    (D)   Get desired results as per set standard and increase in productivity

79   Issuing instructions to subordinates are necessary to- 1.achieve desired set of standards 2.increase productivity 3.make efficient use of machine and equipment. 4. To maintain discipline in only one section.
    (A)   1, 2, 4
    (B)   2, 3, 4
    (C)   1, 3, 4
    (D)   1, 2, 3

80   Supervisors should issue the order with no ambiguity and with completeness to-
    (A)   Understand the order by average worker
    (B)   To get the idea of volume of work to be done
    (C)   Help in setting the standards
    (D)   Get clarity in performance and achieve target

81   Supervisor can bring clarity in order and in performance by-
    (A)   Showing and illustrating different stages of work gradually one at a time.
    (B)   Demonstrating use of tools and machines
    (C)   Showing finished job to worker
    (D)   All above

82   Establish standards and evaluation of performance is the parameters of-
    (A)   Planning
    (B)   Controlling
    (C)   Directing
    (D)   Management

83   Directing is not concerned with the following function-
    (A)   Communication
    (C)   Supervising
    (D)   Leadership
    (B)   Forecasting and management

84   Ensuring that everything is carried out according to plan is the part of the process-
    (A)   Planning
    (B)   Staffing
    (C)   Organizing
    (D)   Coordinating

85   Sometimes subordinates were found confused about their work, this mainly happens due to
    (A)   Change in working place and machine
    (B)   Lack of clarity and completeness in order issued by supervisor
    (C)   Lack of confidence and knowledge
    (D)   Physically not fit.

86   Prateek is working in multinational company in Mumbai. When he was new he does not know the rules, regulations and Quality policy of company. He was poor in some technical and generic skill. He was lacking in confidence and communication. But his supervisor Mr. Atul constantly encourages him and motivates to work. He demonstrates the work and directs him to do individually. Now Prateek is a skilled employee and working in the direction and leadership of Mr. Atul. Identify the function of management
    (A)   Coordination
    (B)   Directing
    (C)   Leadership
    (D)   Communication

87   The rate of minimum wage is fixed with respect to……………………………
    (A)   Consumer Price Index
    (B)   Cost of Living allowance
    (C)   None of A &B
    (D)   Both of A &B

88   Ambiguous and incomplete order issued by supervisor results in 1. Poor communication 2. Incapability of supervisor to get work done. 3. Loss of time, money and energy 4. Higher idle time of employees
    (A)   1 & 4
    (B)   2 & 3
    (C)   3 & 4
    (D)   2 & 4

89   Employees who are more concerned about their work may loss their interest and enthusiasm towards work because of 1. Ambiguous order issued by supervisor 2. Feasibility of order is not possible 3. There is no clarity and completeness in order 4. Lack of motivation from supervisor
    (A)   1 & 2
    (B)   2, 3 & 4
    (C)   1, 2, 3 &4
    (D)   1, 3 & 4

90   To complete the work without any problem and in time employees mainly needs-
    (A)   Conducive environment
    (B)   Knowledge and skill
    (C)   Order with clarity, completeness and having feasibility
    (D)   Good salary package

91   Proper instructions issued by supervisor to his subordinates result in-
    (A)   Maintain quality standards
    (B)   Completeness of work in time
    (C)   Reduce heavy rejection
    (D)   All above

92   While issuing order supervisor shall take care of- 1. Present situation of his section 2. Order must be issued loudly and in hard words to get work done. 3. Provide only necessary information 4. Checking the desired impact of order or repeat it.
    (A)   1 & 2
    (B)   2 & 3
    (C)   3 & 4
    (D)   4 & 1

93   Supervisor can reduce the anxiety of employee which affects on his performance by-
    (A)   Showing sympathy and empathy towards him.
    (C)   Helping in his work
    (D)   Personal counseling
    (B)   Allowing him to take leave to get refresh

94   Personal counseling is the technique by which supervisor can-
    (A)   Influence the employees
    (B)   Teach and trained the employees
    (C)   Advise the troubled employee to reduce his anxieties
    (D)   Come closer to employee

95   Following are the features of the perfect order issued by supervisor- 1. Clarity and completeness 2. Feasibility and timely bounded 3. Consideration of worker choice and interest 4. Incomplete orders from higher authority
    (A)   1 & 3
    (B)   1 & 2
    (C)   2 & 4
    (D)   3 & 4

96   Mr. Vijay is working in renowned company as worker. He is a sincere &obedient employee. But from last few days his behavior is changed. Most of the time he gets annoyed and behaves erratically. He lacks his interest in work thus his performance also get reduced and more rejection takes place. Mr. Atul is a supervisor in his section, noticed the change in behavior of Mr. Vijay. He takes him in confidence and advice. So that Mr. Vijay feels relax and again he concentrates on his work
    (A)   Personal problem solving
    (B)   Personal counseling
    (C)   Personal controlling
    (D)   Personal Directing

97   Identify the step of controlling process applicable in following case- In a company a manager is trying to find out the deviation between the actual number of parts produced and the desired number. He already knows about the standards as the company has assigned him a definite quantity of parts to be produced
    (A)   Taking corrective action
    (B)   Analyzing deviation
    (C)   Comparing actual and standard performance
    (D)   Setting standard

98   Mr. Rajesh wants to set standard to be achieved in both qualitative and quantitative in his section. He wants to judge the motivation, skill level and satisfaction of the subordinates. All these things will require qualitative standards while on other hand he has to set quantitative standards for the number of units produced. Identify the step of controlling process applicable in this case.
    (A)   Setting standard
    (B)   Analyzing standard
    (C)   Controlling standard
    (D)   All above

99   Sachin is working in tool manufacturing company and has been assigned the job of judging the output of production in a neutral and reliable way. He is applying different techniques for achieving this aim. He is also keeping the units of measurement same to that of the units of set standard. Identify the step of controlling process applicable in this case.
    (A)   Setting standard
    (B)   Measurement of actual performance
    (C)   Analyzing facts
    (D)   Taking corrective action

100   Find odd thing out with respect to type of communication (upward/downward)
    (A)   Open door policy
    (B)   Provide feedback to subordinates
    (C)   Participative techniques
    (D)   Grievance redressal procedure

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